Not only the overthrow in Afghanistan, but also the corona pandemic caused far-reaching changes and delays in asylum returns. Twelve charter flights had to be completely canceled last year, three of them to Nigeria. The reason: the people to be deported refused a PCR test.
Special negotiations had to be conducted with Egypt, Morocco, Algeria and Turkey on how to deal with such objectors. A total of 43 asylum seekers were able to avoid deportation in this way.
Last year, the number of ordered exits rose to a total of 9,148 people, 54 percent of whom were voluntary. In the first year of the pandemic, the number of exits ordered had fallen by a significant 30 percent. In 2021, despite restricted air traffic, 52 charter flights were operated, more than doubling compared to 2020 when there were 22 flights.
838 transfers were made under the Dublin III agreement, which provides for the return of asylum seekers to the country where they first entered the EU. Most led to Slovakia (918), followed by Hungary (434), Romania (360), Serbia (319), Poland (265) and Nigeria (120). The costs of the forced deportations amounted to 2.44 million euros.